Europeans warm their winters

Europeans warm their winters, but science does not know why!
Analyzed here: Winter 2015/16 –versus – Winter 1939/40

And cool down their summers?

Not knowing why the European winters are getting warmer and warmer is a shame. Not analyzing the potential reasons is a scandal. For years it is known that warming was the strongest over Scandinavia, especially in winter, (EEA-1). That can be easily 1_finbe connected to warmer seas. “Over the past 25 years the rate of increase in sea surface temperature in all European seas has been about 10 times faster than the average rate of increase during the past century(EEA-2). “In the North and Baltic Seas temperatures increased five to six times faster than the global average over the past 25 years, and three times faster in the Black and Mediterranean Seas” (EEA-2). Establishing a convincing chain of causation between warmer Europe and human activities at sea is the inevitable conclusion. Not for climate science running the global CO2 warming story, but who is blind, ignorant, unable to see the obvious link, and is unwilling to undermine their AGW theory.

Here is the consideration posted by Ron Clutz [30 March 2016]

Man Made Mild Weather (MMMW)

This post concerns work by Dr. Arnd Bernaerts on human activities contributing to mild winters in Europe.

To start with, he is analyzing “climate” properly. Climates are plural, not singular; the term is a human construct referring to distinctly local and regional patterns and expectations of future weather. Secondly, he addresses changes observed in one particular season as a way to identify inter annual variation. Thirdly, he is well aware of oceanic fluctuations, and seeks to understand human effects in addition to natural variability.

Specifically Dr. Bernaerts studies the linkage between the Baltic and North Seas and winters in Northern Europe. His article (here) is entitled “Northern Europe’s Mild Winters. Contributions from Offshore Industry, Ships, Fishery, et cetera?”

11_From the Abstract:
The marine environment of North Sea and Baltic is one of the most heavily strained by numerous human activities. Simultaneously water and air temperatures increase more than elsewhere in Europe and globally, which cannot be explained with ‘global warming’.

The climatic change issue would be better understood if this extraordinary regional warming is sufficiently explained. The regional features are unique for in-depth studies due to different summer-winter conditions, shallowness of the seas, geographical structure, and main pathway for maritime weather patterns moving eastwards.

The impact of sea activities on the seasonal sea water profile structure is contributing to stronger regional warming, change in growing season, and less severe sea ice conditions. The impact of the man, whether small or large, should be understood very 5_soon and very thoroughly.

Pay particular attention to the Discussion at the end, which includes this:

Regional seas in Northern Europe are minor from size and volume in global ocean affairs. Weather is “done” elsewhere, but every location contributes to the global picture. In the case of N-Europe it may be more significant as weather can be divided in maritime and continental influence, and due to the global air circulation from West to East, it is a gate. It may support the flow of warm wet air eastward (low pressure), or stem it by dry and cold continental air (high pressure), by diverting low pressure areas– in extreme circumstances – towards the Bering Sea or Mediterranean. In so far the North Sea and Baltic play a crucial role in how to open or close this gate.

Three facts are established: higher warming, a small shift in the seasons, and a decreasing sea ice cover. In each scenario the two 9_sea’s conditions play a decisive role. These conditions are impaired by wind farms, shipping, fishing, off shore drilling, under sea floor gas-pipe line construction and maintenance, naval exercise, diving, yachting, and so on, about little to nothing has been investigated and is understood.

Summary:
The facts are conclusive. ‘Global Climate Change’ cannot cause a special rise in temperatures in Northern Europe, neither in the North Sea nor the Baltic or beyond. Any use of the oceans by mankind has an influence on thermo-haline structures within the water column from a few cm to 10m and more. Noticeable warmer winters in Europe are the logical consequence.

 

The text was first published a few months ago.

a_0817_2016_f_And is the summer temperature 2016 in
Northern Europe below average ?

In the same way as winter temperatures may affect the winter conditions, the opposite is likey to occure – at least temprarily – during ther summer season. Warm surface water is replaced by colder water from sub-water layers. The variable weather conditions during this summer so far have the potential for having contributed, and should not be ignored when analyzing the situation.

12th August 2016 _ http://dailycaller.com/2016/08/12/europe-hit-with-frigid-weather-snow-in-august/
  “Northern Europe was hit with some weird August weather in the past week, as summer snows fell in Sweden and a city in Saxony experienced its coldest temperature on record.

Åre, Sweden was hit with summer snow Thursday, and while temperatures across Sweden are expected to stay between 50 and 60 degrees Fahrenheit, ski resort owners were thrilled to see the snow.”

18th August, 2016, ACCUWEATHER: Wet, windy conditions to stretch from Ireland and the U.K. into Scandinavia – On the heels of a cool and wet summer for parts of the United Kingdom, an increasingly stormy autumn is expected.”

NOTE: Posting resumes in late autumn.

Links to References:

European Environment Agency: EEA-1

European Environment Agency: EEA-2

RonClutz: MMMW

Northern Europe’s Mild Winters

Arctic Sea Ice Extent Reduced – Off-Shore Activities Contribute!

Posted: 03 June 2016

Barents Sea a key issue to Arctic warming

Since January 2016 Arctic sea ice extent is far below average (Fig. 1).  Arctic sea ice could set a new record low extent this

Figure 1
Figure 1

summer, and the Barents Sea is one of the main sources to blame (Fig. 2), due to the fact that along the Norwegian coast , in the Barents Sea and north of the Russian coast human offshore activities steadily increase year by year.

Figure 2
Figure 2

What’s behind this winter’s low ice extent? The Arctic is warming more than twice as fast as the global average, largely in response to rising greenhouse gases, assumes a recent report (HERE-1), which is pure guessing. Another source must drive the warming, for example dozens of human activities at the sea surface and below the sea surface down to the sea bottom.  Particularly the off-shore installation that stretch over several hundred meters, form a formidable resistance to flowing water, by changing the water structure concerning temperatures and salinity. The last year record low is discussed HERE-2. The post clearly points to a significant anthropogenic relevance, not via the air, but via the sea.

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Credit and Source: Arctic sea ice record low – 02/25/2015 – Post 17. April 2015

 Three recent essays by McBride and colleagues, October 2015 (HERE-3; HERE-4, HERE-5) confirm positive surface water temperature anomalies prevailed in the Barents Sea. According their research the area of Atlantic Water and mixed water has increased in past decades, whereas that of Arctic water has decreased (Fig-3)   (based on average temperature 50-200 m depth).

Figure 3
Figure 3

What they do not tell were the change is coming from. It could be either solely from the inflow from the North Atlantic, from the Arctic, originates from sea water mixing due to industrial operations, or via the atmosphere and/or sun. The latter is by far the most unlikely source, as the Barents Sea, is well above average summer and winter since long. The excess Arctic warming is an ocean matter. Presumably it may be a mix based on water inflow and various mixing mechanism due to industrial use of the Barents Sea. Whether the latter is minor, reasonable or very significant , is impossible to discuss, as not only any research is missing in this respect, but it lacks even the understanding that this aspect must not be ignored, but is a core issue for understanding higher than global average warming in the Arctic.  

Also Ron Clutz  (HERE-6) agrees with the conclusion (HERE-2):

“The recent new Arctic sea ice record gives little reason for lamenting, but should be seen as an opportunity to investigate and understand the human activities in the Barents and Okhotsk Sea. It could be observed that both seas differed most from average due to warmer sea water temperature. Although it may be difficult to assess the impact of worldwide shipping and fishing on climatic changes and ‘global warming’, it is a much lower challenge if only the impact of two regional seas, representing only about 1% of the global water surface, is investigated.” http://www.ocean-climate-law.com/13/Arch/5.html

 

 

HERE-1: http://www.carbonbrief.org/analysis-the-highly-unusual-behaviour-of-arctic-sea-ice-in-2016

HERE-2: http://www.ocean-climate-law.com/13/Arch/5.html

HERE-3: http://www.barentsportal.com/barentsportal/index.php/en/sport/24-cricket/259-temperature-and-salinity-in-the-standard-sections

HERE-4: http://www.barentsportal.com/barentsportal/index.php/en/sport/24-cricket/260-temperature-at-the-surface-100-meters-and-bottom-layer

HERE-5: http://www.barentsportal.com/barentsportal/index.php/en/sport/24-cricket/261-currents-and-transport

HERE-6: https://rclutz.wordpress.com/2015/04/18/okhotsk-barents-who-cares/

 

 

Atlantic „Cold Blob“ in Action – Only Gabbling in Reply?

Post May/06/2016

Not long ago the world experienced a ‘global cooling’, starting with thee extreme winters in Europe (1939/40 to 1941/42), which

1
1

continued across the Northern Hemisphere (1940 to mid-1970th).  As science failed to analyze, understand and explain the issue, this site discusses the thesis that human activities were the likely cause.  A thorough understanding of the phase of cooling several decades ago would have reduced any superficial talking about the reason and impact of the ‘cold blob’ currently active in the North Atlantic.

Seven decades after WWII the entire world is glowing red [Fig. 1], only a tiny blue eye defies the global picture. The alert is high, the number of questions higher, and suggestions about the possible cause the highest.  Per se that is not necessarily bad. The matter is more serious as the size indicates, as this blob of unusually chilly water seems like semi-permanent residence in the North Atlantic Ocean; which is “a marine cold wave that won’t go away”(1)   Northern Hemisphere air temperature are likely to decrease over

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an unknown period of time.  And how is science handling the issue? There is little explained comprehensible. There is little that can be taken take seriously. Most is mere gabbling. Why?

As the entire ocean, also the North Atlantic is a huge water body, very deep, very saline, and very, very cold. The overall mean temperature is about 4 ° Celsius, in the North Atlantic due to the Gulf Current by 1-2° slightly higher, as indicated in Fig. 2, which does not show currents, gyres and eddies. Any cold blob analysis has to discuss it on this basis and much more data from the sea bottom to the sea surface.  Instead, curious facts and assumptions are named for drawing conclusions on causality. The result is gabbling, and presumably far away from reality, and a

well-founded explanation.

40_5 40_4_ 40_3

Another theory as to why the ocean’s current caused the anomaly is according Gavin Schmidt, the director of the NASA Goddard 40_3Institute for Space Studies in New York (4), that melting ice from Greenland and the Arctic flowed into the Atlantic Ocean’s current and essentially drowned out the warmer water rising from the South Atlantic.

Other researchers claim a warmer North Atlantic in the upper 700 meters, the wind, “oceanic heat wave”, orepa_ “natural variability”. Not many of them seem to pay attention to the different heat capacity: ocean vs atmosphere; the latter with only about 0.001 percent of the total Earth’s water volume, respectively energy content (Fig. 3). Much more ocean data and records are needed. Not necessarily 1’000-times more as available for the atmosphere, but not 100-times less. That is a matter science has to communicate, before assuming casual correlations, and risking gabbling.

“Global cooling” from 1940 to the 1970th  [Fig. 4] is still on offer for a better understanding of anthropogenic climate change, and which impact human activities at sea may have had in the past and present.

READ from the Booklet:
Chapter E. Climate changes today

 

___1 https://www.wunderground.com/blog/JeffMasters/the-north-atlantic-blob-a-marine-cold-wave-that-wont-go-away

___2   http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2015/03/whats-going-on-in-the-north-atlantic/

___3   http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v388/n6645/full/388825a0.html

___4 http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/global-warming-nasa-eastern-arctic-1.3415108

Europeans warm their winters

Europeans warm their winters, but science does not know why

Not knowing why the European winters are getting warmer and warmer is a shame. Not analyzing the potential reasons is a scandal. For years it is known that warming was the strongest over Scandinavia, especially in winter, (EEA-1). That can be easily 1_finbe connected to warmer seas. “Over the past 25 years the rate of increase in sea surface temperature in all European seas has been about 10 times faster than the average rate of increase during the past century(EEA-2). “In the North and Baltic Seas temperatures increased five to six times faster than the global average over the past 25 years, and three times faster in the Black and Mediterranean Seas” (EEA-2). Establishing a convincing chain of causation between warmer Europe and human activities at sea is the inevitable conclusion. Not for climate science running the global CO2 warming story, but who is blind, ignorant, unable to see the obvious link, and is unwilling to undermine their AGW theory.

Here is the consideratioin posted by Ron Clutz [30 March 2016]

Man Made Mild Weather (MMMW)

This post concerns work by Dr. Arnd Bernaerts on human activities contributing to mild winters in Europe.

To start with, he is analyzing “climate” properly. Climates are plural, not singular; the term is a human construct referring to distinctly local and regional patterns and expectations of future weather. Secondly, he addresses changes observed in one particular season as a way to identify inter annual variation. Thirdly, he is well aware of oceanic fluctuations, and seeks to understand human effects in addition to natural variability.

Specifically Dr. Bernaerts studies the linkage between the Baltic and North Seas and winters in Northern Europe. His article (here) is entitled “Northern Europe’s Mild Winters. Contributions from Offshore Industry, Ships, Fishery, et cetera?”

11_From the Abstract:
The marine environment of North Sea and Baltic is one of the most heavily strained by numerous human activities. Simultaneously water and air temperatures increase more than elsewhere in Europe and globally, which cannot be explained with ‘global warming’.

The climatic change issue would be better understood if this extraordinary regional warming is sufficiently explained. The regional features are unique for in-depth studies due to different summer-winter conditions, shallowness of the seas, geographical structure, and main pathway for maritime weather patterns moving eastwards.

The impact of sea activities on the seasonal sea water profile structure is contributing to stronger regional warming, change in growing season, and less severe sea ice conditions. The impact of the man, whether small or large, should be understood very 5_soon and very thoroughly.

Pay particular attention to the Discussion at the end, which includes this:

Regional seas in Northern Europe are minor from size and volume in global ocean affairs. Weather is “done” elsewhere, but every location contributes to the global picture. In the case of N-Europe it may be more significant as weather can be divided in maritime and continental influence, and due to the global air circulation from West to East, it is a gate. It may support the flow of warm wet air eastward (low pressure), or stem it by dry and cold continental air (high pressure), by diverting low pressure areas– in extreme circumstances – towards the Bering Sea or Mediterranean. In so far the North Sea and Baltic play a crucial role in how to open or close this gate.

Three facts are established: higher warming, a small shift in the seasons, and a decreasing sea ice cover. In each scenario the two 9_sea’s conditions play a decisive role. These conditions are impaired by wind farms, shipping, fishing, off shore drilling, under sea floor gas-pipe line construction and maintenance, naval exercise, diving, yachting, and so on, about little to nothing has been investigated and is understood.

Summary:
The facts are conclusive. ‘Global Climate Change’ cannot cause a special rise in temperatures in Northern Europe, neither in the North Sea nor the Baltic or beyond. Any use of the oceans by mankind has an influence on thermo-haline structures within the water column from a few cm to 10m and more. Noticeable warmer winters in Europe are the logical consequence

Links to References:

European Environment Agency: EEA-1

European Environment Agency: EEA-2

RonClutz: MMMW

Northern Europe’s Mild Winters

…another climate witch hunt

A

Climate Skeptics weak on „Climate Criminals“

Posted 05 March 2016, amended 30 March

Not Adolf Hitler war against the entire world from 1939 to 1945 is investigated as climate crime (see previous post), but U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ): refers Exxon “climate crime” to FBI for decision on action. This comes only two months after a ‘Wanted’ campaign targeted Climate Criminals at Paris summit” (see WUWT). It couldn’t be much nastier. Unfortunately it is a failure of reasonable scientists and skeptics alike. Had Adolf Hitler been identified as the “First Climate Criminal “ many decades ago James Hansen would not have had a chance to testify to US Congress on 23 June 1988 that CO2-global-warming was underway.

C2_3February 1940

1b_February 2016 C2_4Central Europe – February 1940

Worst; when paying a visit to Capitol Hill on 23 June 2008, he not only celebrated his testimony in 1988, but told the audience:

“CEOs of fossil energy companies know what they are doing and are aware of long-term consequences of continued business as usual. In my opinion, these CEOs should be tried for high crimes against humanity and nature.”
Reported by NYT

Hansen’s receivable bears fruit. At COP21 the global citizens movement AVAAZ published a dossier (see WUWT) about:

  “The seven most insidious fossil fuel lobbyists in Paris to weaken attempts to agree a global climate deal have been named and shamed as ‘climate criminals’ “.

In this respect James Hansen’s incapability and unwillingness to investigate the climatic change towards a global cooling since war winter 1939/40, which reflects the grand failure of climatology to name Adolf Hitler as the First Climate Criminal”. Concerning this gross negligence, skeptics should have demanded from Hansen and his colleagues clarification and explanation since long.

Thehill: http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/271642-feds-refer-exxon-climate-claims-to-fbi
WUWT: http://wattsupwiththat.com/2015/12/07/climate-skeptics-in-paris-branded-as-criminals-wanted-posters-go-up-in-the-city/
NYT (underline added): http://dotearth.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/06/23/are-big-oil-and-big-coal-climate-criminals/?_r=0
AVAAZ dossier: http://wattsupwiththat.com/2015/12/07/climate-skeptics-in-paris-branded-as-criminals-wanted-posters-go-up-in-the-city/
Credit for Text and  images: www.ocean-climate-law.com

The First Climate Criminal – Adolf Hitler – Still Not Named

After many decades of global warming the first eight weeks in 1940 turned the wheel back to the Little Ice Age. Suddenly the 10_winter in Europe was the coldest since the early 19th Century. That was man-made, and responsible was Adolf Hitler. After merely four months of war in Europe, with extensive naval war in its regional seas and coastal waters, the weather broke down. Completely unexpected temperatures were permanently seven to ten degrees Celsius below average for weeks. The responsibility was clear, the war-monger who started World War II on 1st September 1939. That was in first place Reichskanzler Adolf Hitler, at least in an objective sense. He never has been accused of this crime, even not on moral grounds, as climatology is not aware of this important link. Naval warfare not only slingshot the winter 1939/40, but also the next two winters back in the Little Ice Age, presumably also contributed significantly to a period of global cooling from 1940 to mid1970s.

POL-Recortd

16_

17_

Is Adolf Hitler’s responsibility in regard of the ‘climate change matters since winter 1939/40’ of any interest? Not necessarily from a criminal point of view, as he could claim, that none of his adviser and meteorologist had any idea of such a link, and none of them raised the issue, neither before WWII nor during the war.

 0m1

 The New York Times,
February 21, 1940

In Sweden all cold records werer beaten in the last twenty-four hours with 32 below zero, the coldest since 1805.

 0m2

 But here starts the problem of this historical event. Meteorology failed to warn the war-mongers before WWII commenced neither during the war. Whether that can be excused is a historical question. Quite different the period of time might be seen, which has J-Fpassed since winter 1939/40. For more than 76 years climatology was able to investigate and explain the various extraordinary meteorological changes, but nothing happened. For several decades climatology rides the carbon-dioxide-issue (CO2), as AGW, without being able and willing to investigate and explain the dramatic weather and climatic changes correlated with, during and after WWII.

Adolf Hitler’s personal guilt concerning the most pronounce climatic shift since the early 19th Century is not the point of concern, but the ignorance and unwillingness to establish in a clear scientific manner the reasons for the winter conditions 1939/40 and thereafter. As science has had seven decades to shed light on WWII impact on climate change matters, which would be evidently a man-made cause, it seems meanwhile a serious competence issue.

After all Adolf Hitler was not only a war-criminal, but should also be identified as the first climate-change criminal. Naming him as a “climate criminal” would help to recognize more clearly that     OCEANS MAKE CLIMATE

 

More and Credit: ocean-climate-law

In El Niño matters: “Ask the Experts” but expect nothing!

In mid-January 2016 the Journal Scientific American run a story;
“Ask the Experts: Is El Niño to Blame for So Much Weird 45_5Weather?”,

12_written by Mark Fischetti. As usual the benefit reading the text tends to nil. But before this is discussed, the author demonstrates that he understands little of its trade. He really claims that “the whole atmospheric system is so complicated that it never changes in the same way”. If that is the case, why paying for climate research? Obviously Fischetti does not know that the entire weather system is run by the laws of physics. Whether it is easy to understand, or difficult to analyze, the laws of physics determine the state of weather. Such a dumb assertion as published in a top journal, would presumably not possible, if science would be able and willing to give the term “weather” and “climate” a scientific reasonable meaning, e.g. as this site suggest: 1ocean-1climate. They ignore this paramount scientific duty .

 45_1  45_4

The current El Niño active since summer 2015, is one of the three strongest ever recorded, as long as one reduce the observation period to the last couple of decades. However we know that there was a El Niño during the first winter in World War II (WWII). In Europe the winter was the coldest for more than 100 years. (HERE) In the U.S. a number of States experienced an extraordinary dry and warm autumn 1939, and record cold in January 1940 as well. But why should a US Journal and M. Fischetti take note of this event and explain. The following images are self-explanatory:

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The Blog “fabiusmaximus” asks: Why we’re misled; how to get good info

Journalists report the weather and climate because it provides a stream of lurid stories (always a disaster or record in some form, somewhere) that we enjoy reading. They increasingly rely on activists (often amateur activists) for alarming — entertaining but often misleading — sound bites. Which is why the news media are among our least-trusted institutions, and their profits are melting like this winter’s snow.
Journalists — and citizens — interested in accurate information can turn to reliable and clear articles from NOAA. NOAA had a good 2015. They accurately predicted this would be among the 3 strongest on record, contrary to the hysterical predictions of a “monster” or “Godzilla” El Niño. And it appears to have peaked as their models predicted in early December, although the strongest impacts on the weather lie ahead in January and February. Continue reading: HERE

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45_12 45_13_

The failure of climate research is incompetence or unwillingness of the scientific community. If there have been two strong El Niño winters as now and 76 years ago in winter 1939/40, but the outcome is completely different, it should be the first obligation to annualize and explain the difference. (see Chapter B Part I & Part II) In the case of WWII it is even more an ultimate requirement, as it might prove the case that warfare has generated the cold winter. Presumably a too shocking aspect for CO2 and Greenhouse claims. But foremost the Journal Scientific American should stop to publish such stupid sentence as:

“The whole atmospheric system is so complicated
that it never changes in the same way”.

Ref: January 13, 2016; Scientific Ameriocan

January 2016 US Record Cold due to warm Europe via „Siberian Express“

22 January 2016, the coldest day ever!
Temperature records broken across the country by the ‘Siberian Express’ cold snap as Manhattan hits 1F. (Dailymail)

 46_1  46_2

Did hot Europe (Fig1) contributed to another record cold in U.S. Eastern States? Europe did it last year in February 2015 (see NOAA image, Fig. 2), as the winter was very mild. Western Europe is under the influence of the weather system from West to East. Atlantic low pressure areas move east, unless cold continental high pressure air blocks them. These are the winters that Europe talks about. This succeeds very well when the North Sea and Baltic do not assist the Atlantic weather because they cannot release enough heat or are hindered by sea icing. During last winter 2014/15 they served as perfect helpers and keep the cold from Siberia at a safe distance. Here the air mass known as the Siberian Express traces a line all the way back to the Russian territory, crossing over the North Pole on its way to Canada and into the U.S. (Fig.2)

The more the Atlantic weather governs the situation beyond the Ural the further Polar and Siberian cold will be pushed eastwards. This was felt in Alaska, Canada and Eastern U.S. in February 2015. Many days were extremely cold with deviations from the mean of 20°C and beyond.

More: http://www.ocean-climate-law.com/12/arch/12.html ;

As Essay from: Journal of Shipping and Ocean Engineering 6 (2016) 46- (PDF)

46_3 46_4

And it happened again a week ago on January 22, 2016 Europe helped to put the “Siberian Express” in motion:

  • In New York City, the temperature was 1F Friday morning, beating the record low from 1950, and snow is expected in the city over the weekend 

  • Cold weather expected to last through Friday, with sub-zero temperatures forecast in parts of Northeast 

  • On Thursday Embarrass, Minnesota reported a temperature of -41F – without the wind-chill factor

  • Some place, such as  

    • The temperature in Boston is below freezing, as the city is set to break the record of 16 days below 32F set in 1961

    • In Florida, strawberry and orange crops have frozen over because of the harsh winter weather 

The weather phenomenon dubbed the Siberian Express caused record-breaking low temperatures in almost every single area in the central and eastern US on Friday, with all major cities reporting record lows for this date and many reporting record lows for the month of February.

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[Credit: Monday, Jan 25th 2016   http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2961118/Siberian-Express-arctic-blast-kills-seven-record-low-temperatures-Eastern-U-S.html ]

27/January/2016: Atlantic Cyclones and Siberian Express

46_10

US blizzard: Washington struggles to rebound from ‘Snowzilla’, analysts predict ‘multi-billion-dollar’ losses
(25. Jan. 2016)

 46_11
 46_12

A Few Severe Thunderstorms Possible in Florida Through Thursday
28 January 2016

 46_13

 

UK records – January 23-29, 1940 – Data not used for climate research

Certain historical data are so exceptional that they cry for being thoroughly investigated. The cold record for Wales in January 1940 occurred in conditions, on land, in the air and at sea, which make it almost easy to trace the causes and effects to human activities. World War II has just started. But people, who talk about global warming, say they can forecast the future, but refuse to understand the past.

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47-2

47-3

The winter 1939/40 was extreme severe in Europe. Several cold records were broken already in January (Here). Toward months end it hit Wales and the entire UK. Like this winter also in winter 1939/40 El Niño was active in the Pacific. What an air temperatures difference? Now up to record high now (HERE), but record cold in winter 1939/40 (HERE).

January 1940 was a severe wintry month with frequent frosts and heavy snowfalls. The month was the coldest month in England (-1.4C) since February 1895. On the night of the 23rd, a minimum of -23.3C was recorded in Wales at Rhaydaer(Powys) a record low for that date.

The most alerting aspect is that the cold was man-made. Only 150 days of war theatre into WWII was needed to impel Europe into ice-age condition. But climate research shows no interest to understand why. Neither the Met-Office is able to explain the extraordinary event, although January 1940 offered more than low temperatures, but will always be remembered for the Snowstorm and Ice-storm that struck the UK.

47-4Merchant vessel bombed

47-5

47-6 Sea mine sinks tank ship

Other lows include -20°C at Canterbury, Welshpool, Hereford and Newport in Shropshire. The Thames was frozen for 8 miles between Teddington and Sunbury and ice covered stretches of the Mersey, Humber and Severn. The sea froze at Bognor Regis and Folkestone and Southampton harbours were iced over. The Grand Union Canal was completely frozen over between Birmingham and London. Central London was below freezing for a week and there was skating on the Serpentine on 6″ ice. (MORE)
However January 1940 will always be remembered for the Snowstorm and Ice storm that struck the UK.

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47-8Map 16 January 2016

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SNOWSTORM On the 26th, two occlusions were moving up from the SW engaged the cold air over the UK. At the same time, the anticyclone over Scandinavia was intensifying blocking the fronts from pushing through the UK, they became stationary over Wales and SW England. This resulted in a great snowstorm across many northern and eastern areas. Vast areas of northern England reported between 30-60cm of level snow, the higher parts in excess of 60cm+. The snowfall lasted to the 29th of January

ICESTORM Ice storms are rare in the UK, but the worst incident was in January 1940, It was the coldest winter for a century when, on January 27, a savage ice storm swept much of southern Britain. The landscape seemed to be encased in glass, trees looked like frozen waterfalls, and the ice weighed them down until they broke and smashed to the ground. (The Times, 2007). Precipitations fell as freezing rain, which is reckoned to be the severest that has struck the UK in recorded history. The duration of the storm was remarkable lasting up to 48 hours in places. The effect of this prolonged ice storm was severe and damaging.

For climate research the unique weather events in January 1940

could be a blessing to understand human impact

on weather and climate more thoroughly.

See for more details  : http://www.theweatheroutlook.com/twoother/twocontent.aspx?type=tystat&id=1180&title=January+1940

Storm “Frank” and New Year’s Eve 1939

Storm “Frank” and New Year’s Eve 1939

A. Introduction

1_Climate alarmists have run wild with predictions about the “monster” “Godzilla” El Niño active in2_ the Pacific for several months. A corresponding situation existed in late 1939. But while it is expected that today ending December is the hottest on record, December 1939 was the beginning of an extreme cold winter in Europe. The winter was special because it was the coldest since the end of the Little Ice Age around 1850, turning a global warming trend into a three decades lasting period of cooling, which happened after four months war, in World War II. Why caring about winter 1939/40? Why took “General Frost” reign as early as mid-December 1939? Why understanding too much of climate change and man’s impact in this matter?

UPDATE: NATURE, (20 Jan.2016): Monster El Niño probed by meteorologists; Unprecedented Pacific Ocean campaign aims to improve forecasts for strong storms.

B. Meteorology takes the easy way

What a great opportunity to talk about climate change on New Year’s Eve while North Pole temperatures spike ‘above freezing’ as Storm Frank sends warm air north that causes rare winter ‘heatwave’ in Arctic with temperatures rising about 30C above normal (The Telegraph), as well as widespread disruption, with a band of rain sweeping across the United Kingdom from the west through the course of the day (The Telegraph).

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Extreme early sea ice in the
GERMAN BIGHT, since mid-Dec.,
due to high naval activities !

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31. December 2015

The storm has not passed that weather services, science, and newspapers link the warm, wet, stormy December 2015 – and droughts and floods elsewhere in the world – to a combination of climate change and El Niño (HERE). Latter is the biggest news story currently in global climate during the last six month, and Met-Office assumed in last October that In El Niño year there is a tendency for early winter to be warmer and wetter than usual and late winter to be colder and drier.

General Winter weather scenario 1939
Book Chapter B. Arctic winter 1939/40

The severe winter period lasted from mid-December 1939 until March 1940. Even in Northern Spain, temperatures of minus 18 C were recorded, while in France people began to wonder whether they lived in Western Europe or in Siberia. However, the cold center was situated in the Netherlands and in Northern Germany, and up to the Baltic countries. The low temperatures were generated by the arctic air coming from Siberia. Extreme weather conditions were felt in Finland, Sweden, Southern Norway, Denmark, South-western England, Northern France, Germany, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Romania, Poland, the Baltic countries, and Western Russia. In Southern Europe, south of the Alps, weather was extremely cold and unpredictable for some days, but average temperatures did not deviate significantly.

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By mid-January 1940, newspapers reported extreme temperatures for Northern Europe: –48°C in Finland and the Baltic countries, –35°C in Southern Sweden, –26°C in Denmark, –40°C in Poland, -32°C in Budapest, –20°C in Paris. The weather remained extremely cold until April 1940.
By mid-February, a second cold wave took hold of Northern Europe with temperatures of -25°C in Sweden, Denmark and Holland, -33°C in Budapest, and -47°C in the Baltic countries. Sub-zero temperatures lasted in Potsdam/Berlin until the 15th of April, with only 20 days without freezing temperatures during the whole winter period.

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MORE: Book Chapter B. page 9 (Winter conditions in Northern European Countries)