How naval war saved Russia in the winter of 1941/42

How naval war saved Russia in the winter of 1941/42
16 September 2011

The fact that weather prevented Adolf Hitler’s army to reach Moscow before the winter season is widely acknowledged. The New York Time brought the news on the front page of the 9th December 1941 issue: “Nazis give up idea of Moscow in 1941. Winter forces abandonment of big drives in north till spring, Berlin says (New York Times, 09 Dec.1941). Temperature and snow conditions became worse than the worst imagination. What is not known is that Hitler could only blame himself and his advisors for this huge miscalculation. See: The global temperature conditions: Fig. 1: November 1941; Fig. 2: December 1941; and Fig.3 (below): Dec./(Jan./Feb/ Temperatures at: St.Petersburg

 _Fig_1  _Fig_2

The topic is about the role of naval war on the weather during the autumn of 1941. From all the numerous naval activities in Europe and in the North Atlantic, the eastern Baltic Sea was very severely under siege from June to December 1941. The Fig_3_St_Petersburgmoderating role of the Baltic Sea in the adjacent countries and eastwards, into the Euro-Asian continent, was immediately perturbed.

Without the naval war operation in the Baltic Sea and in the North Sea, the weather would have not turned into an arctic mode. Modern climatology should do at least now what their predecessors should have done. For a long time now, science should have investigated and explained the reason for the exceptional winter conditions that took Europe into an icy grip. Further details inthe Booklet (PDF):
or in Russian at: