Did the absence of naval war activities in Baltic Sea prevented more sever condition in Northern Europe in winter 1942/43?
posted December 2012
The winter weather during the Battle of Stalingrad shall have been particularly cold. It seems to be exaggerated. Compared with the previous winter 1941/42 (see graph 1 & 2), which this website claims to have been mainly caused by naval war in the Baltic Sea (on this website: Chapter C), the general average has been significant higher. There may have been cold spells during the
Battle of Stalingrad, but the general situation during December 1942 and January 1943 had been not very far from average. The December 1942 around Stalingrad indicate no deviation from mean (graph 3). The situation had been different further North in January 1943 (graph 4 & 5). In the Stalingrad region the January temperature were about minus 2 to minus 4 degree Celsius below average (graph 4). What is worth noting the huge air temperature difference in the Baltic Sea area between the two winters (Dec/Jan/Feb) 1941/42 and 1942/43 (graph 1 & 2). Before the winter 1941/42 the Baltic Sea was the fierce naval battle ground
between the German Navy and the Baltic Fleet for more than six months. During 1942 the Baltic Sea saw none, which prevented a too early release of the summer heat. The mean winter temperature remained above normal. The weather can presumably only partly be blamed as one of the main reason for the defeat of the German Army at Stalingrad.