Storm “Frank” and New Year’s Eve 1939

A. Introduction

1_Climate alarmists have run wild with predictions about the “monster” “Godzilla” El Niño active in2_ the Pacific for several months. A corresponding situation existed in late 1939. But while it is expected that today ending December is the hottest on record, December 1939 was the beginning of an extreme cold winter in Europe. The winter was special because it was the coldest since the end of the Little Ice Age around 1850, turning a global warming trend into a three decades lasting period of cooling, which happened after four months war, in World War II. Why caring about winter 1939/40? Why took “General Frost” reign as early as mid-December 1939? Why understanding too much of climate change and man’s impact in this matter?

UPDATE: NATURE, (20 Jan.2016): Monster El Niño probed by meteorologists; Unprecedented Pacific Ocean campaign aims to improve forecasts for strong storms.

B. Meteorology takes the easy way

What a great opportunity to talk about climate change on New Year’s Eve while North Pole temperatures spike ‘above freezing’ as Storm Frank sends warm air north that causes rare winter ‘heatwave’ in Arctic with temperatures rising about 30C above normal (The Telegraph), as well as widespread disruption, with a band of rain sweeping across the United Kingdom from the west through the course of the day (The Telegraph).

3_

4_

Extreme early sea ice in the
GERMAN BIGHT, since mid-Dec.,
due to high naval activities !

5_

31. December 2015

The storm has not passed that weather services, science, and newspapers link the warm, wet, stormy December 2015 – and droughts and floods elsewhere in the world – to a combination of climate change and El Niño (HERE). Latter is the biggest news story currently in global climate during the last six month, and Met-Office assumed in last October that In El Niño year there is a tendency for early winter to be warmer and wetter than usual and late winter to be colder and drier.

General Winter weather scenario 1939
Book Chapter B. Arctic winter 1939/40

The severe winter period lasted from mid-December 1939 until March 1940. Even in Northern Spain, temperatures of minus 18 C were recorded, while in France people began to wonder whether they lived in Western Europe or in Siberia. However, the cold center was situated in the Netherlands and in Northern Germany, and up to the Baltic countries. The low temperatures were generated by the arctic air coming from Siberia. Extreme weather conditions were felt in Finland, Sweden, Southern Norway, Denmark, South-western England, Northern France, Germany, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Romania, Poland, the Baltic countries, and Western Russia. In Southern Europe, south of the Alps, weather was extremely cold and unpredictable for some days, but average temperatures did not deviate significantly.

6_ 7_ 8_

By mid-January 1940, newspapers reported extreme temperatures for Northern Europe: –48°C in Finland and the Baltic countries, –35°C in Southern Sweden, –26°C in Denmark, –40°C in Poland, -32°C in Budapest, –20°C in Paris. The weather remained extremely cold until April 1940.
By mid-February, a second cold wave took hold of Northern Europe with temperatures of -25°C in Sweden, Denmark and Holland, -33°C in Budapest, and -47°C in the Baltic countries. Sub-zero temperatures lasted in Potsdam/Berlin until the 15th of April, with only 20 days without freezing temperatures during the whole winter period.

9_ 10_ 11_

MORE: Book Chapter B. page 9 (Winter conditions in Northern European Countries)

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